BOBBIN LACE BEGINNERS COURSE by Concha Canoura
In this beginners course we are going to make the easiest Camariñas lace, but before doing that we will follow some previous steps :
First we wind the bobbins and second we make the stitches separately.
Little by little we will increase the dificculty until the lace is complete.
1.- Winding the bobbins :
In the first we roll a small cuantity of thread in the bobbin by hand. Then we fill the bobbin with the aid of a string that is fastened to a fixed point.
a.- Put the bobbin under the string.
2.- Making the loop :
In each one of the bobbins we form a loop with the thread after filling
them. So as the thread is loosened little by little as we are dooing the
3.- Making technnique :
Before making the lace completely we will work on its basic stiches separately in order to know and learn the technnique.
A.- The making technniques: twists, half stitch crossing and whole stitch crossing.
Twists are always done to the left, that is taking a pair of bobbins and passing the right one over the left (Fig. 8).
In the half stitch crossing we will use three bobbins ( a pair and one
bobbin). We will call "guide" to the bobbin which is not part
of the pair. This is the one which goes and comes from the right to the
left in the part covering the stitch and passing through the other bobbins.
In the whole stitch crossing we use two pairs (four bobbins). We pass the second over the third and then the fourth over the second and the third over the first. Finally we pass the first over the fourth (Fig. 10)
B.- Basic stitches : this lace is formed by whole stitch in the fan and by reseau in the center.
To realize the whole stitch we are going to hold the bobbins in pairs (two by two) in a pins row placed in a straight line as in the figure 11. Taking always the same pair as a reference and repeating the whole stitch crossing with all the pairs, we make the whole stitch
After passing all the pairs, and to situate the pin in this place, we give two twists to the "guide" and fix the pin making the same stitch in the opposite direction.
In the reseau (Figs.12a and 12b) we are going to hold bobbins four by four. To make this stitch we take the pairs and give each one of them three or more twists, we cross the bobbins with half stitch crossing, fix the pin, we twist again twice each pair and cross them again with half stitch crossing to close the thread around the pin. We repeat the same action with all the pins.
4.- Putting all the steps together :
Once we have learnt the technniques and stitches explained above, we will combine them to make the lace. In the following figures we can see the pricking (Fig. 13a), the final result (Fig. 13b), the making of the footside (Fig.13c) and the lace in detail, in order to apreciate, in both, the whole stitch crossing and the twists. We also can apreciate the whole stitch in the edge.
Fig. 13a Fig. 13b
In the figures 13c and 13d we see the way in which reseau is linked to the footside and the edge.
In the beginning of the work we have added a pin with four bobbins which contribute to increase the thickness of the whole stitch.